Recently, I noticed something very strange happening with multi-unit properties and I want to share two experiences with you…
I was approached to refinance 2 separate and different Multi-unit properties by 2 completely different borrowers. Both properties were in the Greater Toronto area. They were both in great condition and were bringing in good rental income.
Property 1 was purchased in 2008 for $385k. There are 3 legal rental units. It generates good rental income of $3700/month. The owner paid utilities.
Property 2 was purchased in 2006 for $610k. There are 3 legal rental units. It generates rental income of $3400/mth…. The tenants paid utilities…(it should be noted that Property 2 is in a more expensive part of town where real estate prices are higher).
Fast forward to today…. Based on current appraised values, Property 1 is currently worth $460k, Property 2 is currently worth $660k. Keep in mind that these are actual rents for both properties.
So how can this happen? It’s clear to me… the buyer’s of Property 2 overpaid in 2006….Property 1 is in a less expensive part of town but the rental income and condition of the property are more relevant when dealing with investment properties….
How can you avoid this mistake? Seek out the help of a good Mortgage Broker… A good broker can seek out the opinions of a recognized real estate appraiser… and even crunch the numbers with an experienced Lender to determine the property’s Lending Value…
As an aside, the average sale price of a single family home in GTA in 2006 was $350k…. today, it’s around $427k. Multi-unit dwellings can be attractive but consider single family homes if you want to invest in real estate. Always discuss the purchase with a trusted group of advisors… including your Mortgage Broker.
Here’s some interesting stats from Canada Mortgage and Housing Corp. Apartment vacancy rates are down…
The national vacancy rate is 2.6% compared with 2.8% from October 2009. CMHC attributes this to the economic recovery.. according to CBCnews.ca.
We are also hearing reports of Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) buying up properties as they expect the rental market to remain strong.
And here’s one more article about the Florida housing market… 90,000 homes and condos were bought by International Investors… read more here.
Add in historical low mortgage rates and this looks like a good time to buy an investment property…. Consider that a $250,000 mortgage will carry for around $1072/mth based on a 5 year fixed rate of 3.79% (lower rates are available but we’re using a higher rate for illustration purposes). Something to consider….
Owning a rental property can be a great way to build your net worth and also enhance your income. In recent years, house values increased to a point where it was next to impossible to find a property that had a positive cashflow.
The biggest cost in owing a rental property is the mortgage. And we are seeing historical low interest rates …. under 4.00% for a 5 year fixed and variable rates of under 3.00%….
Does the math work for you? Let’s take a look at a mortgage I arranged for someone who bought a townhouse for $320,000. Here’s what the math looked like:
- We arranged a 1st mortgage for $256,000.
- negotiated a 5 year fixed rate of 3.89% amortized over 35 years.
- Monthly payment is $1127.
- property taxes are $240/mth.
- tenant pays $1500/mth rent plus utilities.
- end result is a $133/mth positive cashflow.
This was a good situation.. not all rentals will produce a positive cashflow but they don’t always have to. There are usually some tax advantages to owing a rental property that is producing a slight loss..
Here are my tips when buying a rental property:
- you should plan on holding for at least 7 years… most economic cycles will have run their course in that time and property appreciation is more likely…any initial costs incurred when the property was purchased are easier to absorb over that time.
- speak with your accountant and mortgage broker about obtaining the best financing…it usually makes sense to buy with as little down as possible, finance as much as possible and minimize or eliminate any profits to reduce income tax exposure….again, speak with your accountant.
- maximize the amortization your rental property so you can minimize the amount you pay towards the principal portion of the mortgage… again, this requires thorough of your personal situation but generally speaking, most borrowers carry other personal debt that should be paid off before the rental property mortgage.
- pay off all other personal debt first….. good debt is tax-deductible debt like a rental property mortgage….bad debt is non tax-deductible debt like credit cards, personal loans, mortgage on your principal residence.
- I love variable rate mortgages, but when it comes to rental properties, you need to consider a fixed rate… it’s important to know what your costs are when buying a rental property… many lenders don’t even offer a variable rate mortgage on rental properties which will limit your choice of lenders.
Qualifying for a mortgage on a rental property has changed significantly in recent years.
The biggest changes started immediately after the U.S. mortgage crisis in October 2008. Lenders all but stopped financing them. Earlier this year, the Federal government stepped in and changed CMHC’s rental policies for those with less than 20% down. I would say it’s almost impossible to qualify for a 1st mortgage greater than 80% on a rental property with ‘AAA’ rates.
And for those with 20% down or greater (a conventional mortgage), it was still difficult to qualify. Most lenders changed their polices here as well. Some Lenders wanted as much as 35% down or had debt servicing ratios that were not reasonable or practical.
The good news.… Lenders are interested in rental properties again.. not like pre-Oct. 2008 days, but we are seeing more reasonable qualifying. These record low rates make rental properties very appealing...